Oral fluid drug testing can detect drug use as recent as one to 48 hours after last use. Oral fluid tests essentially take a saliva sample and are often able to detect drugs and substances that were introduced to the body very recently in comparison to hair or urine testing. It takes time for the body to process urine and to grow hair that is visible above the scalp, but oral fluid is a readily available sample that does not take time for the body to produce. Oral fluid testing is especially beneficial in instances in which employers need to know if a candidate or employee has very recently taken or used drugs or alcohol, as in for-cause or post-accident drug screenings.
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Amphetamines are a class of drugs that are central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. They have a high potential for abuse and addiction. Amphetamines are considered "uppers" because they increase alertness, energy and a sense of well-being. Methamphetamine metabolizes to amphetamine.
Amphetamines are sometimes prescribed as treatment for Parkinson's disease, ADHD, and narcolepsy.
Amphetamines/Methamphetamine can be detected for 1-2 days in the urine after initially taken. Amphetamines can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.
Cocaine, also referred to as coke or crack, is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug that is made from leaves of the coca plant. It is often injected after being mixed with water, or smoked, snorted, or rubbed on the gums.
Cocaine can be detected in urine for 2-4 days after initially taken. Cocaine use may be detectable via a hair sample for up to 90 days, and in oral fluid from 5 to 48 hours.
About THC (Cannabis/Marijuana)
Marijuana's cannabinoid known as THC can be detected in the urine for 2-7 days after initially taken if used once, or can be detected in the urine for up to 1-2 months if used chronically. THC can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.
Codeine is an opioid that acts as a cough suppressant and can also produce relaxation and euphoria if consumed at a higher-than-prescribed dose. It is found in some cough syrups, and some people create a drink by mixing it with soda or alcohol.
Codeine can be detected in the urine for up to 2 days after initially taken. Codeine can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.
Morphine can be detected in the urine for up to 2 days after initially taken. Morphine can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.
About Phencyclidine (PCP)
Phencyclidine (PCP) can be detected in the urine for up to 14 days after initially taken, or for up to 30 days if chronically used. Phencyclidine can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.
Barbiturates are drugs that affect the central nervous system (CNS). They have a high potential for abuse and addiction. These drugs are considered "downers," as they cause an overall sense of calm. They are commonly abused for their sedative properties. Barbiturates have a high potential for lethal overdose.
Barbiturates can be detected for 1-2 days in the blood after initially taken, and can be detected in the urine for 1-2 days for short-acting barbiturates, or for 1-3 weeks in long-acting barbiturates. Barbiturates can be detected in hair for up to 90 days, and in oral fluid from 5 to 48 hours.
Benzodiazepines are a class of psychoactive drugs that are considered tranquilizers. Common drugs in this class include Valium, Xanax and Librium. Benzodiazepines of all kinds can cause physical dependence. Benzodiazepines may be prescribed to treat anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, depression, muscle relaxation, seizures, and may be used as general anesthesia/sedation.
Benzodiazopines can be detected in urine for up to 3 days after initially taken for therapeutic doses, or 4-6 weeks if used chronically or taken as an extended dosage. Benzodiazepines can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.
Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percocet®) is an opioid prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone can be addictive, and is a Schedule II controlled substance. It can be lethal if taken with alcohol, sedatives, other drugs, or if the user has breathing problems like asthma or a blockage of the stomach or intestines.
Oxycodone can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours after initially taken, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.
Methadone is an opioid medication that reduces withdrawal symptoms in individuals who are addicted to heroin or have other opiate addictions without causing the "high" associated with the drug addiction. Methadone use still entails the other side effects associated with opiates including developing a tolerance, as well as physical and psychological dependence.
Methadone can be detectable in the urine for up to 3 days after initially taken. Methadone can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days.
Propoxyphene (Darvon®) was a prescribed opioid pain reliever until 2010 when it was discontinued due to confirmed risks to cardiac health. It is a Schedule IV controlled substance that is addictive, and is potentially lethal when combined with alcohol, sedatives or antidepressants.
Propoxyphene is detectable in the urine from 6 hours to 2 days after initially taken. Propoxyphene can be detected in oral fluid for 5-48 hours, and can remain in the hair for up to 90 days after initially taken.
The Basic Health Wellness Panel is combination of common health tests that measure and evaluate the body as a whole. The tests in this wellness panel help provide insight about the functioning of the following body systems and organs: Circulatory, nervous, urinary, muscular and skeletal systems, as well as the heart, kidneys and liver.
The Basic Health Wellness Panel includes the following tests:
The Essential Health Test Panel combines of our Basic Health Wellness Panel and a Lipid/Cholesterol Test Panel. Together these panels measure and evaluate the body as a whole and include a cholesterol breakdown.
This wellness panel covers a broad scope of functions of the following body systems and organs: Circulatory, nervous, urinary, muscular and skeletal systems, as well as the heart, kidneys and liver.
This Essential Health Wellness Panel includes evaluating the following:
Nicotine is metabolized in the liver to cotinine. Nicotine in tobacco products such as cigarettes, pipe tobacco, cigars, or chew, is an addicting substance that causes individuals to continue use of tobacco despite concerted efforts to quit.
Kratom is a currently legal recreational drug that is relatively new to the United States. It is derived from leaves of the Mitragyna speciosa tree (kratom or ketum tree) found in Southeast Asia. The DEA lists Kratom as a "Drug and Chemical of Concern.” Kratom in small doses has a stimulating effect, and in larger doses acts as a sedative.
EtG, or ethyl glucuronide, is a byproduct of ethanol (alcohol that one drinks) and glucuronide a common biological compound made in the liver that binds various toxins and drugs in the body that allows them to be excreted in the urine. EtG is formed when someone drinks even relatively small amounts of alcohol, and can be detected in the urine. EtG can be found in the urine much longer than alcohol in the blood or breath. After a few drinks, EtG can be present in the urine up to 48 hours, and sometimes up to 72 or hours or longer if the drinking is heavier.
Synthetic cannabinoids refer to a growing number of man-made mind-altering chemicals that are either sprayed on dried, shredded plant material to be smoked or sold as liquids to be vaporized and inhaled. Synthetic cannabinoids are designer drugs that are chemically different from, but attempt to mimic the effect of natural cannabinoids.
The TB blood test is used to detect if an individual has tuberculosis bacteria in the system. A positive TB blood test only reveals that an individual has been infected with TB bacteria; it does not tell whether the person has Latent TB Infection (LTBI) or if they have progressed to have TB disease. The tuberculosis test is commonly added on to test packages of companies in the medical industry and companies whose employees travel to countries where TB is common (most countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and Russia).